Islam final review

 Islam final review Essay

Terms:

Qadar (Sunni compared to Mu'tazili opinions):

Mu'tazili -- From Feras review – you happen to be in control of the own actions; you are responsible. Anything very good that happens is usually from The almighty; everything bad is because you could have sinned and are also responsible Sunni - Coming from Feras review – God is in control over your actions; all actions are established so if you happen to be predetermined to visit Hell for what reason bother following your rules in life? Shari'a – immense body of law interpreting the Qur'an and applying its teachings to everyday life, regulates moral conduct, family life, organization practice, authorities, and other aspects of the Muslim community The best way to live a person's life

Fiqh – From Islam book - literally " understanding” the term intended for law of for jurisprudence. A jurist is as a result called a faqih; legal theory is called asas al-fiqh (literally " the roots of understanding”); and substantive regulation is called furu al-fiqh (" the limbs of understanding”). From Feras review session – is the fallible meaning of Islamic law by Jurists Ijtihad – By slides – exertion; comprehensive examination of the legal sources

From Feras review – type of legal reasoning, how to interpret the law From book – legal reasoning work out by a jurist (literally " exertion”) Haram/halal – by Feras – legal classes for controlling human actions, what is forbidden and precisely what is allowed. Haram is unacceptable. Halal is usually Permissible. By book… Halal is virtually any act permissible under Islamic law. Commonly used to illustrate food conforming to diet regulations From book… Haram is forbidden – utilized in connection with works and also the commonly used term to describe prohibited food and drink; located also inside the expression al-Masjid al-Haram, " Sacred Mosque” referring to the Grand Mosque in Great place Mufti – From Feras review -- Sunni legal expert who also interprets the law… by slides – answers legal questions using a fatwa Mahdi - Via Feras assessment – the return with the 12th Imam at the end of time who is currently " hidden” From publication – actually " led one, ” a mention of the the messianic figure that will emerge inside the end-time to aid establish simply rule on earth. For Shi'ites the title of the returning Imam. Dhikr - From Feras review – Remembrance of God – recitation, devotional remembrance of Allah through reciting his 99 names, hadith, and Qur'an recicitation Baraka -- From Feras review – God's sophistication; a quality…. Something that is much like being near to God; someone who is charismatic… has a particular connection to the divine Nafs - Via Feras review – spirits?

Islamism -- From Feras review – Islam as a political ideology and that Islam should guide social and political and also personal your life

People:

Abu Hanifa – died 767. Early Baghdad jurist (or legal scholar) for which the Hanafis, one of the 4 Sunni madhhabs (" educational institutions of legal thought”), happen to be named – relied less on the custom of Medina and more on reason; the oldest and largest institution Malik – From Feras review - Jurist, college student, founder of Melik institution of law…. The Qur'an is the main source of derivation of rulings Al-Shafi'I - From Feras review – Jurist, scholar founder of Shafi'is university of rules From book – Perished 820. Early on jurist and author with the earliest treatise on legal hermeneutics; eponym of the Shafi'I school of legal believed Within the Sunni branch of Islam and focuses on proper derivation of laws and regulations through application of principles in contrast to speculation Ibn Hanbal – died 855. A Baghdadi jurist reputed for his austerity and being rejected of Mu'tazili notions regarding the Qu'ran's so-called createdness. The Hanbali madhaab, among the four Sunni " universities of legal thought” is named for him.. From slideshow – Hanbalis school…….. extremely strict and conservative Zayd b. ‘Ali – respected member of Muhammad bloodline; son of Husayn, led rise ? mutiny in Kufa against Umayyads, the 1st Zaydi Vorbeter Qadi Nu'man – isma'ili jurist; official historian of Fatimid caliphs Shi'i Imams to know:

‘Ali – passed away 661. Relation of Muhammad and later his son-in-law, one particular...


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