Describe the key highlights of utilitarianism

 Outline the key features of utilitarianism Essay

п»їOutline the key features of utilitarianism

The idea of utilitarianism was developed by simply and affiliated by Jeremy Bentham and utilitarianism can be described as teleological ethical theory in which the moral value of an actions can be judged by their consequences. Three main philosophers have come program different types of utilitarianism. Jeremy Bentham introducing Act Utilitarianism and John Stuart Mill looking to improve the defects that he encountered with Bentham's theory with his Guideline Utilitarianism and finally, Peter Singer with his desire utilitarianism.

Act Utilitarianism is the initial and established form of utilitarianism which declares that we need to on any occasion take action in the way that can produce general consequences much better than those that any other act available to us could produce. Therefore , the greatest pleasure principle ought to inform about any action that we undertake. It simply focuses on the outcome of the action and not interested in the objective or intention of the actions. Jeremy Bentham, being an hedonist, which he believes that all humans the natural way seeks pleasure and tries to avoid discomfort. He stated " character has placed mankind under the government of two sovereign masters, soreness and pleasure… they control us in every we carry out, in all all of us say, in every we think. ” Therefore , according the Bentham, an action is right if it helped bring more pleasure and incorrect if it creates pain. When Bentham had established that pleasure and pain were the important attributes to determine the meaning values, then he developed the utility theory. The rightness or wrongness of an action is determined by their usefulness. Usefulness refers to the quantity happiness due to the actions. The theory is recognized as the greatest delight principle which is ‘an action is right if this produces the highest happiness pertaining to the greatest number of individuals, ” trusting that this will create pleasure, and a great intrinsic key to life. The possible consequences of different activities must be scored clearly to establish which...


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